Bulk Cargo |||
Safety||| Self unloaders
Responsibility of terminal operator for bulk cargo loading/unloading
What is a bulk terminal ?:
"Terminal" means any fixed, floating or mobile facility equipped and used for the
loading and/or unloading of bulk cargo. The term includes that part of a dock, pier, berth,
jetty, quay, wharf or similar structure at which a ship may tie up.
Terminal operators should ensure that
they only accept ships that can safely berth
alongside their installation, taking into
consideration issues such as:
i) water depth at the berth;
ii) maximum size of the ship;
Fig: bulk terminal awaiting employment
iii) mooring arrangements;
v) safe access;
vi)obstructions to loading/unloading
vii) Tidal situation for the period concerned.
viii) Weather forecasts.
ix) Whether ship will berth port or starboard
x) Tug and line boat requirements.
xi) Mooring requirements taking into
xii) The size and type of ship;
xiii)Local tidal conditions and
foreseeable weather conditions;
xiv) The nature of the cargo and
xv) Any obstructions to berthing/unberthing
xvi)The terminal operator should assure an
unobstructed and safe passage between
the ship's gangway and the entrance
(gate) of the terminal.
Vacuators are used to discharge bulk grains where
the terminal is not fitted with other facilities. They use
diesel motors to generate suction on one end so that
the cargo can be discharged on a barge, rail wagon
or maybe into a wing attached to a bagging machine.
Their discharge rates vary upwards from 100 tonnes
When using vacuators on a ship they must be placed
on deck, where special precautions may be required
due to vibration and possible oil leakage. While
adequate securing/lashing will ensure protection from
movement, vigilant monitoring is required to ensure
that there is no leakage of oil on deck.
Suitability of Shore Terminals for handling bulk cargo
Responsibility of terminal representative for handling bulk cargo
Cargo information required by ships handling bulk cargo
Terminal information required by ships handling bulk cargo
Preparation and Guidelines for terminal prior to bulk cargo loading/unloading in ships
Terminal duties in loading solid bulk cargo
Terminal duties unloading solid bulk cargo
Training requirement for terminal personnel
Encountering hazards at the ship/shore interface during handling of Solid Bulk Cargoes
Required information from ship to terminal prior loading / unloading bulk cargo
High loading rates by shore terminal and potential problems for bulk carriers
Preparation for ships carrying bulk cargo & standard loading condition
Our detail pages illustrated many safety aspects of Bulk carrier
Home page |||Bulk carrier types
Handling of bulk coal |||Cargo planning
Carriage of grain
|||Risk of iron ores
|||Self unloading bulk carriers
|||Care of cargo & vessel
|||Cargoes that may liquefy
|||Suitability of ships
|||Ballast handling procedure
|||Bulk carrier safety
|||Fire fighting systems
|||Bulk carrier General arrangement
Operation of sea going bulk carriers involved numerous hazards . Careful planning and exercising due caution for all critical shipboard matters are important . This site is a quick reference to international shipping community with guidance and information on the loading and discharging of modern bulk carriers so as to remain within the limitations as specified by the classification society.
It is vital to reduce the likelihood of over-stressing the ship's structure and also complying with all essential safety measures for a safe passage at sea. Our detail pages contain various bulk carrier related topics that might be useful for people working on board and those who working ashore in the terminal. For any remarks please
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